Earlier, silk screen was recognized as serigraphy or screen printing. It is a printmaking method that conventionally generates a satirical picture with the help of porous fabric and a stencil. A serigraph or screen print is a representation which is produced with the help of this technique.
It was accepted by American graphic artists in the year 1930 and commenced as manufacturing equipment. The Pop Art association further promoted this method in the year 1960. With the help of this method, many of the popular works of Andy Warhol were produced.
Silk screen is very famous in commercial printing and fine arts and it is generally used to place pictures on hats, glass, T-shirts, polypropylene, metals, ceramics, wood, paper and polyethylene.
The term ‘Silk Screen’ means the text on a printed circuit board in the field of electronics. It can also be used in the procedure of printing the copper wiring on the board. Now, silk screen is used to generate big set of created graphics like display stands or posters.
Silk screen printing is done using a stencil in the Japanese form. Samuel Simon brought the latest techniques of silk screen printing in England in the year 1900. Then this idea was used by many countries like California and San Francisco in the year 1914 by John Pilsworth who used silk screen printing to create multicolor designs.
It was used during First World War for printing banners and flags. They make use of photographic stencils which made the procedure more flexible and encouraged their extensive use. Silk screen was not used till the middle of 1940 because of its use in the war attempt.
Silk screen printing was established by printmaker named as Guy McCoy at the Jepson Art Institute who was the first person to create the method of silk screen printing as an excellent art means. Herbert Jepson was also the creator of the Western Institute of Serigraphy.
A silk screen is prepared from the thin woven fabric, a part of porous and extended above aluminum or wooden frame. Regions of the silk screen are uncreated using a non porous material like a stencil which print the picture i.e unwraps places is where the ink will emerge.
The screen of silk is positioned on the top of a part of dry fabric or paper. Ink is positioned over the screen and makes use of rubber blade which presses the ink into the openings of the screen equally and on top of the substrate.
Then the ink is passed through the open places in the screen on the fabric or paper and then the screen is picked up. If one uses more than one color on the same plane for printing, then the ink is made to dry and whole procedure is repeated again using another silk screen and different ink color.